Hospitality recorded the closure of 4,809 premises in 2022, or 4.5% of the total at the end of 2021, according to new market research. 

More than three quarters of the closures occurred in the second half of the year off the back of rising energy bills and other costs, found the Hospitality Market Monitor from AlixPartners and CGA by Nielsen IQ.

There was a decline of 1,611 licensed premises in the fourth quarter of 2022. The 1.6% contraction of the market in just three months was equivalent to nearly 18 net closures every day. 

This means hospitality suffered a higher tally of closures in 2022 than 2021, when Covid restrictions curtailed trading. The sector now has 13,037 fewer sites than at the start of the pandemic in March 2020 - a contraction of more than 10% in under three years, the research said.

Many of 2022’s closures were the result of spiralling costs in energy, food and other key areas, which have hit profit margins and made real-terms growth difficult. Fragile consumer confidence, rail strikes and labour shortages are all adding to the headwinds facing hospitality operators in 2023.

The Hospitality Market Monitor highlights the disproportionate impact of the inflation crisis on independents in hospitality. Nearly nine in 10 fourth-quarter closures occurred in the independent sector, as small businesses that were weakened by Covid were forced to close their doors.

Karl Chessell, CGA’s director for hospitality operators and food, EMEA, said: “While Covid took a heavy toll on hospitality, these figures suggest the energy crisis is having an even more damaging impact. Given all the pressures, a drop of more than 1,600 venues in three months is quite shocking and every closure represents a sad loss of jobs and disappointment for communities and operators.

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“Although consumers remain eager to visit pubs, bars and restaurants, thousands of vulnerable businesses are at risk after three years of turmoil from Covid and inflation. Urgent and targeted government support is needed to sustain them through what promises to be another very difficult year.”

Graeme Smith, managing director, AlixPartners, said: “These latest figures are a stark snapshot of what the sector has faced over the course of the past three years. Since March 2020, 13,037 site closures – equivalent to 13 sites lost every day.

“While some segments have remained resilient, others have endured a more difficult time, with the casual dining sector, nightclubs and independent businesses suffering the highest closure rates, as costs and industrial action took their toll. What is clear is that, without further government support, the energy crisis has the potential to take a bigger toll on hospitality than Covid and if the current rate of closures continued, we would see Britain’s number of licensed premises fall below 100,000 some time this year.

“Not every business is suffering equally, but even the stronger operators with robust balance sheets are opting to conserve cash and wait out this storm at the current time.”